By: Lakeisha Dale
Ask anyone what their skin type is and maybe 2 out of 5 might be right. With all the beauty and skincare information out there, only a few know their skin type. Skin typing has always seemed very one dimensional to me, especially for our body’s largest organ (the skin). If you’re still a little unsure on what skin types even really mean, let me break it down for you real quick. Skin type is genetic and is based on your oil production.
The Four Common Skin Types:
Dry– Little to no oil production. Your skin is constantly losing water.
Normal– balanced skin, produces just enough oil onto the surface of the skin to retain its moisture. Almost no blemishes and very small pores.
Oily– A Lot of oil or sebum on the surface of the skin. Some have really over-productive oil glands, this is called seborrhea. If you have oily skin it is usually all over the face. This skin type is normally prone to blackheads, whiteheads, occasional breakouts and sometimes moderate to severe Acne.
Combination– a combo of the above skin types in different areas of the face.
But to really know your skin, you have to factor in your skin conditions along with your skin type.
How can you know what your skin type and conditions are?
Well, there are two ways:
- Seek a professional, either a dermatologist or an esthetician
- Or pay more attention to your skin daily. (Try not to get obsessed with the magnifying mirror. No one’s skin is “perfect”)
Fine lines, hyperpigmentation, dark spots, blackheads, whiteheads, inflammation, acne (which is a more chronic condition) dry flaky patches, sensitivity and rough texture are some of the different conditions the skin can experience. Some of these skin conditions can be a result of your oil production but consider outside factors too. Food, stress, sleep, skincare products, sun exposure, and certain habits contribute to your skin. Even the different seasons can determine how your skin behaves. So before you run to Sephora or click buy now for the latest skincare drop, take the time to really look at your skin and pay attention to how it feels.
Below is a basic guideline to determine your skin type and conditions:
- Oil Check: Check your oil production towards the end of the day. Is it all over your face or just certain areas? Any dry patches or fine lines?
- Know the feeling: How does your skin feel after using certain products? A tight pulling feeling? Comfortable? Clogged? Pay attention to how your skin feels in certain environments (dry/cool air, humidity)
- Find your triggers: Do you notice a difference in your skin after eating certain foods or being under high levels of stress?